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International Journal of Sports, Exercise and Physical Education

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2024)

The role of self-efficacy in moderating the relationship between competitive pressure and performance anxiety among athletes


Ansari Afzal Husain Niyaz Ahmad and Dr. Nisar Hussain


The doctoral research paper titled "The Role of Self-Efficacy in Moderating the Relationship between Competitive Pressure and Performance Anxiety among Athletes" delves into exploring the intricate role played by self-efficacy in moderating the complex relationship existing between competitive pressure and performance anxiety among athletes. Employing a comprehensive mixed-methods approach, data were meticulously gathered from a diverse and representative sample of athletes spanning across a multitude of sports disciplines. Through rigorous quantitative analyses, significant correlations were uncovered among competitive pressure, performance anxiety, and self-efficacy. These findings elucidated that heightened levels of competitive pressure were closely linked to an escalation in performance anxiety, whereas athletes exhibiting elevated levels of self-efficacy showcased a discernible reduction in performance anxiety levels.

Furthermore, the results from moderation analysis unveiled a noteworthy trend: self-efficacy distinctly moderated the association between competitive pressure and performance anxiety. This discovery indicated that the extent to which competitive pressure influenced performance anxiety was contingent upon athletes’ individual levels of self-efficacy.

In tandem with the quantitative insights, qualitative data provided further depth by unraveling the nuanced dynamics at play between these variables. Athletes articulated how their convictions in their own capabilities intricately shaped their responses to competitive pressure. Notably, strategies such as positive self-talk and visualization emerged as instrumental tactics employed by athletes to bolster their self-efficacy and effectively manage performance anxiety amidst daunting circumstances.

In essence, this study underscores the paramount importance of nurturing self-efficacy among athletes as a potent mechanism for mitigating the adverse repercussions of competitive pressure on both performance outcomes and psychological well-being. By instilling athletes with unwavering confidence in their abilities, coaches and sports psychologists can play a pivotal role in fostering resilience and optimizing performance within high-pressure environments. Going forward, interventions aimed at enhancing athletes’ self-efficacy should be prioritized, complemented by concerted efforts to cultivate supportive sporting atmospheres conducive to fostering psychological resilience and well-being.

Ultimately, this research contributes significantly to deepening our comprehension of the intricate psychological mechanisms underpinning athletic performance, with a particular emphasis on the pivotal role played by self-efficacy in navigating the multifaceted challenges inherent in competitive sports. Enhanced self-efficacy not only translates into superior competitive outcomes but also fosters holistic growth and development among athletes, both within and beyond the realm of sports.

Pages: 36-38  |  59 Views  18 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Ansari Afzal Husain Niyaz Ahmad and Dr. Nisar Hussain. The role of self-efficacy in moderating the relationship between competitive pressure and performance anxiety among athletes. Int. J. Sports Exercise Phys. Educ. 2024;6(1):36-38. DOI: 10.33545/26647281.2024.v6.i1a.73
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